Andaman’s history is as charming as its beaches – on occasion even more. After years of evolution, we see the island as it’s miles these days.
There are different kinds of exciting historical facts about Andaman and Nicobar Island:
1. Ancient Andaman
Some genetic studies advocate that the Andamanese have been remoted from different populations over 30,000 years ago. The earliest archaeological evidence, however, dates again to a few 2200 years.
2. Lost Languages of Andaman
When the Nicobarese humans have been first found via Europeans, they used to talk Moh-Khmer and Shompen languages which might be truly unrelated to Andamanese. Instead, these languages are closer to Austroasiatic languages there. How Nicobar got its name? The Chola Empire used the islands as a planned naval base. They called the island open/naked land. Usually, the well-known European traveler, Marco Polo stated the island as ‘Necuverann’ which was the cluttered version of its Tamil call. The islands, in the end, got here to be known as Nicobar all through the British Colonial period.
3. Myths and legends
During the early fifteenth century, the “Book of Wonders” produced in Paris depicted that the Andaman Islands were inhabited by way of wolf-headed humans! This, in a way, showed how historical facts about Andaman had been distorted around the globe mainly because the islands had been then carefully accessible
Andamans was originally a part of Burma. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru alternated with them in exchange for two districts of Manipur!
5. Of wars and betrayal
Andaman’s early days noticed a battle between ‘outsiders’ and ‘islanders’ who did their exceptional to put up fierce fights. 17th May 1859 went down as the day the ‘Battle of Aberdeen’ was fought between the great Andamanese tribe and the British. Unfortunately, they have been additionally betrayed by using a cell jail.
6. History written in blood
Andaman and Nicobar became occupied via Japan for three years during WWII. The takeover came because of Indian radical joining palms with the British’s enemies to create a stronghold. The Japanese settled at South Andaman on 23rd March 1942. They quickly took over the islands and freed the cell jails inmates who have been asked to enroll in the Indian National Army. Most of them joined too. Eventually, the revolutionaries, headed with the aid of Dr. Subash Chandra Bose, convinced the Japanese to provide the islands again to India. They hoisted the Indian flag on 30th December 1943 and named the islands Shaeed Swaraj. The atrocities of the Japanese on the Indians turned into nothing quick of the atrocities that took place at some point in the holocaust, but they aren’t spoken about as much. Over 2000 Indians died at some stage in this era before the British recaptured the islands in 1945. It is rumored that the Japanese made a mystery tunnel connecting Ross Island to Port Blair. It is but to be located.
7. Of darkness darker than the night
The islands have been notoriously well-known as ‘Kaala paani’ or black waters after the cell prison was built there to maintain political prisoners, who were India’s freedom fighters. The islands witnessed any other spherical of bloodied history and noticed perfect sacrifices from Indians who fought for his or her freedom. Thousands of prisoners were tortured and killed inside the jail. The prison today is visited once by maximum vacationers who come to the islands. This is amongst the most painful historical facts about Andaman
8. New home
Andaman, in the end, became part of India in 1950 and turned into declared a Union Territory of the nation in 1956
9. The tsunami of 2004
26th December 2004 is another date etched inside the history of the islands as a dark one. The islands were first hit by means of a 33 ft. Tsunami accompanied by the Indian Ocean earthquake. Over 2000 people misplaced their lives, 4000 youngsters orphaned and 40,000 rendered homeless. Nicobar becomes additionally hit with numerous portions of land turning into submerged in water. The worst affected had been the islanders and vacationers. Many of the aboriginal tribes, however, escaped because of oral traditions that have been exceeded down telling them to evacuate from large waves that followed huge earthquakes.
10. The Andaman & Nicobar island seismology
All of Andaman and Nicobar recline in a Zone V seismic hazard. The islands are susceptible to each earthquake and tsunami. The Andaman Sea is continuously widening due to a tectonic process referred to as ‘Sea Floor Spreading’. The Indian plate is diving below the Burmese microplate because of a process known as ‘Subduction’. There have been hundreds of small temblors hitting the islands from time to time and still continue to do so.
11. The active volcano
Andaman is home to the handiest lava volcano found within the South Asia region. Barren Island’s volcano’s first recorded eruption become in 1787. The volcano has erupted 10 instances for the reason that then, the latest episode being in February 2017. Due to the volcano, the sea around the islands could be very effective for scuba diving.
12. Other Historical Facts About Andaman
• Andaman is additionally domestic to many mud volcanoes that are a fun phenomenon to watch.
• Andaman has an island known as the Parrot inhabited through thousands of parrots.
• It is home to the Limestone caves which is Island that’s, in turn, domestic to the Edible-nest Swiftlet.
• Ross and Smith islands are connected through a herbal white sand bar making it one in every of the most scenic spots inside the archipelago
• The phenomenon of luminous can be witnessed at Havelock Islands rarely
• Havelock’s seashore no. 7 or Radhanagar seaside has been voted as the 7th fine seashore inside the global and the quality beach in Asia by way of Tripadvisor this year
• The view from Mount Harriet is seen in India’s 20-rupee note.